Publications

Aleric, K. M., and L. K. Kirkman. 2005. Growth and photosynthetic responses of the federally endangered shrub, Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae), to varied light environments. American Journal of Botany 92:682-689.

Aleric, K. M., and L. K. Kirkman. 2005. Seed germination observations of the federally listed Lindera melissifolia. Castanea 70:157-160.

Bowman, P., L. K. Kirkman, R. J. Mitchell, and C. Helton. 1999. Restoration of plant diversity of longleaf pine forests using an adaptive management approach. Page 63 in J.S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Forward Look; Charleston, South Carolina, November 17-19, 1998. Proceedings of the Second Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 4. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Cammack, S., N. Klaus, K. Kirkman, W. Hicks, and E. Leonard. 2003. Restoration in the Chickasawhatchee Swamp: Where the future meets the past. Page 15-20 in J.S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Southern Legacy Rising from the Ashes; Southern Pines, North Carolina, November 17-20, 2002. Proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Carroll, C. R., L. K. Kirkman, and J. L. Landers. 1994. The use of fire in habitat management. Pages 362-363 in G. K. Meffe, and C. R. Carroll (eds.). Principles of Conservation Biology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Coffey, K. L., L. K. Kirkman, S. B. Jack, and K. McIntyre. 2003. Native ground cover restoration-reintroduction techniques of a key functional species (wiregrass) in a fire-maintained ecosystem. Page 29 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Southern Legacy Rising from the Ashes; Southern Pines, North Carolina, November 17-20, 2002.Proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Coffey, K. L., L. Kirkman, S. B. Jack, and L. M. Conner. 2001. Reintroducing fire to hardwood-dominated depressions in a longleaf pine-wiregrass savanna: an adaptive management approach. Page 106 in J.S. Kush (ed.). Forest For Our Future-Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Ecosystems: Silvicultural, Ecological, Social, Political and Economic Challenges; Alexandria, Louisiana, October 16-18, 2000. Proceedings of the Third Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 5. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Coffey, K. L., and L. K. Kirkman. 2004. Native Ground Cover Partners: reestablishing native ground cover in longleaf pine savannas (Georgia). Ecological Restoration 22:288-289.

Coffey, K. L., and L. K. Kirkman. 2006. Seed germination strategies of species with restoration potential in a fire-maintained pine savanna. Natural Areas Journal 26:289-299.

Cohen, M. J., I. Creed, L. Alexander, N. Basu, A. J. K. Calhoun, C. Craft, E. D’Amico, E. DeKeyser, L. Fowler, H. E. Golden, J. W. Jawitz, P. Kalla, L. K. Kirkman, C. R. Lane, M. Lang, S. G. Leibowitz, D. B. Lewis, J. Marton, D. L. McLaughlin, D. Mushet, H. Raanan-Kiperwas, M. C. Rains, L. Smith, and S. C. Walls. 2016. Do geographically isolated wetlands influence landscape functions? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113:1978-1986.

Creech, M. N., L. K. Kirkman, and L. A. Morris. 2012. Alteration and recovery of slash pile burn sites in the restoration of a fire-maintained ecosystem. Restoration Ecology 20:505-516.

Creed, I. F., C. R. Lane, J. N. Serran, L. C. Alexander, N. B. Basu, A. J. K. Calhoun, J. R. Christensen, M. J. Cohen, C. Craft, E. D’Amico, E. DeKeyser, L. Fowler, H. E. Golden, J. W. Jawitz, P. Kalla, L. K. Kirkman, M. Lang, S. G. Leibowitz, D. B. Lewis, J. Marton, D. L. McLaughlin, H. Raanan-Kiperwas, M. C. Rains, K. C. Rains, and L. Smith. 2017. Enhancing protection for vulnerable waters. Nature Geoscience 10:809-815.

Cumberland, M. S., and L. K. Kirkman. 2012. The effects of disturbance on the red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta) and the native ant community. Forest Ecology and Management 279:27-33.

Cumberland, M. S., and L. K. Kirkman. 2013. The effects of the red imported fire ant on seed fate in the longleaf pine ecosystem. Plant Ecology 214:717-724.

Deemy, J. B., J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, L. K. Kirkman, and T. C. Rasmussen. 2015. Water quality of episodic flow through isolated wetlands embedded in a long leaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem. In: R. J. McDowell, C. A. Pruitt, and R. Bahn (eds.). Proceedings of the 2015 Georgia Water Resources Conference, held April 28-29, 2015, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. http://www.gwri.gatech.edu/node/4070.

Deemy, J., J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, L. K. Kirkman, N. P. Nibbelink, and T. Rasmussen. 2013. Spatial modeling of biologically relevant subsurface hydrologic connectivity between isolated wetlands and jurisdictional surface waters in the Dougherty Plain, Georgia. In: Robert Bahn and Adam Forsberg. (eds.). Proceedings of the 2013 Georgia Water Resources Conference, held April 10-11, 2013, Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. http://www.gawrc.org/2013proceedings.html.

Determann, R., L. K. Kirkman, and H. Nourse. 1997. Plant conservation by propagation: the cases of Macranthera and Schwalbea. Tipularia 12:2-12.

Drew, M. B., L. K. Kirkman, and A. K. Gholson, Jr. 1998. The vascular flora of Ichauway, Baker County, Georgia: A remnant longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem. Castanea 63:1-24.

Edwards, L., J. Ambrose, and L. K. Kirkman. 2013. The Natural Communities of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Athens, Georgia.

Giencke, L. M., R. C. Denhof, L. K. Kirkman, O. S. Stuber, and S. T. Brantley. 2018. Seed sourcing for longleaf pine ground cover restoration: using plant performance to assess seed transfer zones and home-site advantage. Restoration Ecology 26:1127-1136.

Goebel, P. C., B. J. Palik, L. K. Kirkman, M. B. Drew, L. West, and D. C. Pederson. 2001. Forest ecosystems of a Lower Gulf Coastal Plain landscape: multifactor classification and analysis. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 128:47-75.

Goebel, P. C., B. J. Palik, L. K. Kirkman, and L. West. 1996. Geomorphic influences on riparian forest composition and structure in a karst landscape of southwestern Georgia. Page 110-114 in K. M. Flynn (ed.). Proceedings of the Southern Forested Wetlands Ecology and Management Conference, Consortium for Research and Southern Forested Wetlands. Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.

Gustafson, D. J., K. Harris-Shultz, P. E. Gustafson, L. M. Giencke, R. C. Denhof, and L. K. Kirkman. 2018. Seed sourcing for longleaf pine herbaceous understory restoration: Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) and hairy Lespedeza (Lespedeza hirta) restoration genetics. Natural Areas Journal 38:380-392.

Helton, C., L. K. Kirkman, R. J. Mitchell, and C. Hedman. 1999. Understory vegetation recovery following silvicultural harvest in longleaf pine/wiregrass stands. Page 96 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Forward Look; Charleston, South Carolina, November 17-19, 1998. Proceedings of the Second Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 4. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Helton, R. C., L. K. Kirkman, and L. J. Musselman. 2000. Host preference of the federally endangered hemiparasite Schwalbea americana L. (Scrophulariaceae). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 127:300-306.

Houseal, G. A., R. J. Mitchell, B. J. Palik, L. K. Kirkman, and N. Pederson. 1996. Complex ecological gradients in longleaf pine ecosystems: III. Above-ground net primary productivity patterns. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77:204.

Iacona, G. D., L. K. Kirkman, and E. M. Bruna. 2010. Effects of resource availability on seedling recruitment in a fire-maintained savanna. Oecologia 163:171-180.

Iacona, G. D., L. K. Kirkman, and E. M. Bruna. 2012. Experimental test for facilitation of seedling recruitment by the dominant bunchgrass in a fire-maintained savanna. PLoS ONE 7(7): e39108. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039108.

Jack, S. B., R. J. Mitchell, J. K. Hiers, L. K. Kirkman, and L. R. Boring. 2009. Long-term research at the Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center: pursuing emergent but unexpected outcomes. Page 54 in E. P. Bowersock, S. M. Hermann, and J. S. Kush (comps.). Forestry in a Changing World: New Challenges and Opportunities. Proceedings of The Longleaf Alliance Seventh Regional Conference and Forest Guild Annual Meeting, October 28-November 2, 2008, Sandestin, FL. Longleaf Alliance Report No. 14. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Jack, S. B., and L. K. Kirkman. 2017. Longleaf pine ecosystems: the path forward. Pages 339-347 in L. K. Kirkman, and S. B. Jack (eds.). Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Kaeser, M. J., and L. K. Kirkman. 2009. Estimating total plant species richness in depressional wetlands in the longleaf pine ecosystem. Wetlands 29:866-874.

Kaeser, M. J., and L. K. Kirkman. 2010. Field and Restoration Guide to Common Native Warm-Season Grasses of the Longleaf Pine Ecosystem. In house publication for education and outreach.

Kaeser, M. J., and L. K. Kirkman. 2010. The effects of pre- and post-emergent herbicides on non-target native plant species of the longleaf pine ecosystem. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 137:420-430.

Kaeser, M. J., and L. K. Kirkman. 2012. Seed longevity of 12 native herbaceous species in a fire-maintained pine savanna after 8 years of burial. Forest Ecology and Management 281:68-74.

Kirkman, L. K. 1995. Impacts of fire and hydrological regimes on vegetation in depression wetlands of southeastern USA. Pages 10-20 in S. I. Cerulean, and R. T. Engstrom (eds.). Fire in the Wetlands: A Management Perspective. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, No. 19. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, Florida.

Kirkman, L. K. 2003. Ecosystem restoration challenges of the longleaf pine native ground cover. Pages 91-94 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Southern Legacy Rising from the Ashes; Southern Pines, North Carolina, November 17-20, 2002. Proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Kirkman, L. K. 2005. Conserving biodiversity in the longleaf pine savannas of the USA. Plant Talk (39):30-32.

Kirkman, L. K., A. Barnett, B. W. Williams, J. K. Hiers, S. M. Pokswinski, and R. J. Mitchell. 2013. A dynamic reference model: a framework for assessing biodiversity restoration goals in a fire-dependent ecosystem. Ecological Applications 23:1574-1587. © Copyright by the Ecological Society of America.

Kirkman, L. K., C. L. Brown, and D. Leopold (eds.). 2007. Native Trees of the Southeast. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

Kirkman, L. K., E. A. Whitehead, S. W. Golladay, L. L. Smith, and S. P. Opsahl. 2011. A research framework for identifying potential linkages between isolated wetlands and disease ecology. Ecological Research 26:875-883.

Kirkman, L. K., K. L. Coffey, R. J. Mitchell, and E. B. Moser. 2004. Ground cover recovery patterns and life history traits: implications for restoration obstacles and opportunities in a species-rich savanna. Journal of Ecology 92:409-421.

Kirkman, L. K., L. L. Smith, P. F. Quintana-Ascencio, M. J. Kaeser, S. W. Golladay, and A. L. Farmer. 2012. Is species richness congruent among taxa? Surrogacy, complementarity and environmental correlates among three disparate taxa in geographically isolated wetlands. Ecological Indicators 18:131-139.

Kirkman, L. K., L. L. Smith, and S. W. Golladay. 2012. Southeastern depressional wetlands. Pages 203-215 in D. A. Batzer, and A. H. Baldwin (eds.). Wetland Habitats of North America: Ecology and Conservation Concerns. © 2012 by the Regents of the University of California. Published by the University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Kirkman, L. K., L. M. Giencke, R. S. Taylor, L. R. Boring, C. L. Staudhammer, and R. J. Mitchell. 2016. Productivity and species richness in longleaf pine woodlands: resource-disturbance influences across an edaphic gradient. Ecology 97:2259-2271.

Kirkman, L. K., M. B. Drew, L. T. West, and E. R. Blood. 1998. Ecotone characterization between upland longleaf pine/wiregrass stands and seasonally-ponded isolated wetlands. Wetlands 18:346-364.

Kirkman, L. K., M. B. Drew, and D. Edwards. 1998. Effects of experimental fire regimes on the population dynamics of Schwalbea americana L. Plant Ecology 137:115-137.

Kirkman, L. K., M. B. Drew, and R. J. Mitchell. 1996. Complex ecological gradients in longleaf pine ecosystems: IV. Community structure and environmental controls. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77:235.

Kirkman, L. K., P. C. Goebel, B. J. Palik, and L. T. West. 2004. Predicting plant species diversity in a longleaf pine landscape. Ecoscience 11:80-93.

Kirkman, L. K., P. C. Goebel, L. West, M. B. Drew, and B. J. Palik. 2000. Depressional wetland vegetation types: a question of plant community development. Wetlands 20:373-385.

Kirkman, L. K., R. J. Mitchell, M. J. Kaeser, S. D. Pecot, and K. L. Coffey. 2007. The perpetual forest: using undesirable species to bridge restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology 44:604-614.

Kirkman, L. K., R. J. Mitchell, R. C. Helton, and M. B. Drew. 2001. Productivity and species richness across an environmental gradient in a fire-dependent ecosystem. American Journal of Botany 88:2119-2128.

Kirkman, L. K., R. L. Lide, G. Wein, and R. R. Sharitz. 1996. Vegetation changes and land-use legacies of depression wetlands of the western coastal plain of South Carolina:1951-1992. Wetlands 16:564-576.

Kirkman, L. K., S. W. Golladay, L. LaClaire, and R. Sutter. 1999. Biodiversity in southeastern seasonally ponded, isolated wetlands: management and policy perspectives for research and conservation. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18:553-562.

Kirkman, L. K., and J. A. Myers. 2017. Mechanistic controls of community assembly and biodiversity. Pages 89-105 in L. K. Kirkman, and S. B. Jack (eds.). Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Kirkman, L. K., and L. M. Giencke. 2017. Restoring and managing a diverse ground cover. Pages 207-232 in L. K. Kirkman, and S. B. Jack (eds.). Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Kirkman, L. K., and R. J. Mitchell. 2002. A forest gap approach to restoring longleaf pine-wiregrass ecosystems (Georgia and Florida). Ecological Restoration 20:50-51.

Kirkman, L. K., and R. J. Mitchell. 2006. Conservation management of Pinus palustris ecosystems from a landscape perspective. Applied Vegetation Science 9:67-74.

Kirkman, L. K., and R. R. Sharitz. 1993. Growth in controlled water regimes of three grasses common in freshwater wetlands of the southeastern USA. Aquatic Botany 44:345-359.

Kirkman, L. K., and R. R. Sharitz. 1994. Vegetation disturbance and maintenance of diversity in intermittently flooded Carolina bays in South Carolina. Ecological Applications 4:177-188. © Copyright by the Ecological Society of America.

Martin, G. I., J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, and L. K. Kirkman. 2013. Six decades (1948-2007) of landscape change in the Dougherty Plain of southwest Georgia, USA. Southeastern Geographer 53:28-49. From SOUTHEASTERN GEOGRAPHER, Volume 53, no. 1. Copyright © 2013 by Southeastern Division, Association of American Geographers. Published by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher.

Martin, G. I., L. K. Kirkman, and J. Hepinstall-Cymerman. 2012. Mapping geographically isolated wetlands in the Dougherty Plain, Georgia, USA. Wetlands 32:149–160.

Martin, K. L., and L. K. Kirkman. 2009. Management of ecological thresholds to re-establish disturbance-maintained herbaceous wetlands of the south-eastern USA. Journal of Applied Ecology 46:906-914.

McGee, J. D., R. J. Mitchell, S. D. Pecot, J. J. O’Brien, L. K. Kirkman, and M. J. Kaeser. 2007. Tale of two forests: light environments in slash and longleaf forests and their impacts on seedling responses. Page 111 in B. L. Estes, and J. S. Kush (comps.). Longleaf Pine: Seeing the Forest through the Trees. Proceedings of the Sixth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, November 13-16, 2006, Tifton, GA. Longleaf Alliance Report No. 10. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Michener, W. K., E. R. Blood, S. W. Golladay, L. K. Kirkman, R. J. Mitchell, and B. J. Palik. 1995. Effects of flooding on the longleaf pine-wiregrass ecosystem. Pages 190-193 in K. J. Hatcher (ed.). Proceedings of the 1995 Georgia Water Resources Conference. Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Mitchell, R. J., B. J. Palik, L. K. Kirkman, C. W. Hedman, S. D. Pecot, J. P. McGuire, and D. H. Gjerstad. 1996. Gaps in longleaf pine forests: a tool for ecosystem management. Page 127 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Regional Perspective of Challenges and Opportunities; Mobile, Alabama, September 17-19, 1996. Proceedings of the First Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 1. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Mitchell, R. J., J. K. Hiers, R. T. Engstrom, L. K. Kirkman, J. Hill, R. R. Sharitz, and R. Cooper. 2006. Report to the National Council of Science and Sustainable Forestry on the Southeastern Old Growth Forest Workshop.

Mitchell, R. J., L . K. Kirkman, W . K. Michener, and L. R. Boring. 1996. Ecosystem restoration and longleaf pine wiregrass: challenges and opportunities. Page 20 in: Ecosystem Restoration Workshop Proceedings, April 25 and 26, 1996, Lakeland, Florida. Florida Institute of Phosphate Research and Society for Ecological Restoration.

Mitchell, R. J., L. K. Kirkman, S. D. Pecot, C. A. Wilson, B. J. Palik, and L. R. Boring. 1999. Patterns and controls of ecosystem function in longleaf pine-wiregrass savannas: I. aboveground net primary productivity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:743-751. Reproduced with permission of the National Research Council Press © 1999.

Mitchell, R. J., L. K. Kirkman, S. D. Pecot, C. A. Wilson, L. R. Boring, and B. J. Palik. 1999. Regulation of ecosystem function across complex environmental gradients in longleaf pine-wiregrass savannas. Page 127 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Forward Look; Charleston, South Carolina, November 17-19, 1998. Proceedings of the Second Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 4. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Mitchell, R. J., S. D. Pecot, L. K. Kirkman, J. J. Hendricks, L. R. Boring, C. A. Wilson, M. B. Drew, and G. A. Houseal. 1996. Complex ecological gradients in longleaf pine wiregrass savannas: patterns and controls on productivity and plant species richness. Page 128 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Regional Perspective of Challenges and Opportunities; Mobile, Alabama, September 17-19, 1996. Proceedings of the First Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 1. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Mitchell, R. J., S. D. Pecot, L. R. Boring, and L. K. Kirkman. 2003. Productivity and biodiversity patterns: controls in a southeastern Coastal Plain landscape. Page 120 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Southern Legacy Rising from the Ashes; Southern Pines, North Carolina, November 17-20, 2002. Proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Mitchell, R., T. Engstrom, R. R. Sharitz, D. De Steven, K. Hiers, R. Cooper, L. K. Kirkman. 2009. Old forests and endangered woodpeckers: old-growth in the southern Coastal Plain. Natural Areas Journal 29:301-310.

Mulligan, M. K., L. K. Kirkman, and R. J. Mitchell. 2002. Aristida beyrichiana (wiregrass) establishment and recruitment: implications for restoration. Restoration Ecology 10:68-72.

Mulligan, M. K., and L. K. Kirkman. 2002. Burning influences on wiregrass (Aristida beyrichiana) restoration plantings: natural seedling recruitment and survival. Restoration Ecology 10:334-339.

Mulligan, M. K., and L. K. Kirkman. 2002. Competition effects on wiregrass (Aristida beyrichiana) growth and survival. Plant Ecology 163:39-50.

Mulligan, M., L. K. Kirkman, and R. J. Mitchell. 1999. Wiregrass (Aristida stricta Michx.) establishment with restoration implications. Page 135 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Forward Look; Charleston, South Carolina, November 17-19, 1998. Proceedings of the Second Longleaf Alliance Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 4. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Norden, A. H., and L. K. Kirkman. 2004. Factors controlling the fire-induced flowering response of Schwalbea americana L. (Scrophulariaceae). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 131:16-22.

Norden, A. H., and L. K. Kirkman. 2004. Herbivory of the federally endangered Schwalbea americana. Castanea 69:67-68.

Norden, A. H., and L. K. Kirkman. 2004. Persistence and prolonged winter dormancy of the federally endangered Schwalbea americana L. (Scrophulariaceae) following experimental management techniques. Natural Areas Journal 24:129-134.

Norden, H., and K. Kirkman. 2003. Fire-induced flowering and herbivory of the federally endangered American chaffseed (Schwalbea americana L.). Page 121 in J. S. Kush (ed.). Longleaf Pine: A Southern Legacy Rising from the Ashes; Southern Pines, North Carolina, November 17-20, 2002. Proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference, Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6. The Longleaf Alliance, Solon Dixon Forestry Center, Andalusia, Alabama.

Norden, H., and L. K. Kirkman. 2006. Field guide to common legume species of the longleaf pine ecosystem. In house publication for education and outreach.

Palik, B. J., P. C. Goebel, L. K. Kirkman, and L. West. 2000. Using landscape hierarchies to guide restoration of disturbed ecosystems. Ecological Applications 10:189-202. © Copyright by the Ecological Society of America.

Smith, L. L., A. L. Subalusky, C. L. Atkinson, and L. K. Kirkman. 2017. Geographically isolated wetlands: embedded habitats. Pages 153-171 in L. K. Kirkman, and S. B. Jack (eds.). Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Stuber, O. S., L. K. Kirkman, J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, and G. I. Martin. 2016. The ecological condition of geographically isolated wetlands in the southeastern United States: the relationship between landscape level assessments and macrophyte assemblages. Ecological Indicators 62:191-200.

Stuble, K. L., L. K. Kirkman, and C. R. Carroll, and N. J. Sanders. 2011. Relative effects of disturbance on red imported fire ants and native ant species in a longleaf pine ecosystem. Conservation Biology 25:618-622.

Stuble, K. L., L. K. Kirkman, and C. R. Carroll. 2009. Patterns of abundance of fire ants and native ants in a native ecosystem. Ecological Entomology 34:520-526.

Stuble, K. L., L. K. Kirkman, and C. R. Carroll. 2010. Are red imported fire ants facilitators of native seed dispersal? Biological Invasions 12:1661-1669.

West, L. T., J. N. Shaw, E. R. Blood, and L. K. Kirkman. 1998. Correlation of water tables to redoximorphic features in the Dougherty Plain, southwest Georgia. Pages 247-258 in M. C. Rabenhorst, J. C. Bell, and P. A. McDaniel (eds.). Quantifying Soil Hydromorphology. SSSA Special Publication no. 54. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin.

Wiggers, M. S., J. K. Hiers, A. Barnett, R. S. Boyd, and L. K. Kirkman. 2017. Seed heat tolerance and germination of six legume species native to a fire-prone longleaf pine forest. Plant Ecology 218:151-171.

Wiggers, M. S., L. K. Kirkman, R. S. Boyd, and J. K. Hiers. 2013. Fine-scale variation in surface fire environment and legume germination in the longleaf pine ecosystem. Forest Ecology and Management 310:54-63.